Native American cultures
Native American Facts For Kids was written for young people learning about the Sekani tribe for school or home-schooling reports. We encourage students
and teachers to visit our main Sekani website
for in-depth information
about the tribe, but here are our answers to the questions we are most often asked by children, with
Sekani pictures and links we believe are suitable for all ages.
How do you pronounce the word "Sekani"? What does it mean?
Sekani is pronounced "sih-kah-nee." This comes from their name for themselves in their own language, Tsek'ene Dene, which
means "people of the rocks."
Where do the Sekanis live?
The Sekani Indians are original people of British Columbia in western Canada.
Here is a map
showing the location of traditional Sekani lands.
How is the Sekani Indian nation organized? Do the Sekanis live on a reservation?
The Sekani First Nation in Canada is organized into independent bands. Each band has its own reserve,
which is land that belongs to them and is under their control. Sekani bands have their own government, laws,
police, and services, just like a small country. However, the Sekanis are also Canadian citizens and must obey Canadian law.
In the past, each Sekani band was governed by a headman, or village chief. The headman was always male, and was chosen by clan leaders,
usually on the basis of his leadership skills or medicine power and his family's prestige. Today, Sekani bands are governed by
tribal councils. Councilmembers are elected and can be either male or female.
What language do the Sekani Indians speak?
Sekani people speak English today, but some Sekanis, especially elders, also speak their native
Sekani language. Sekani is a complicated language with many sounds that don't exist in English.
If you'd like to know an easy Sekani word, "showa'" (sounds similar to sho-wah) means "it's good!" in Sekani.
You can also read a Sekani picture dictionary here.
Today Sekani is an endangered language because most children aren't learning it anymore.
However, some Sekani people are working to keep their language alive.
What was Sekani culture like in the past? What is it like now?
Here's a link to the Carrier Sekani Tribal Council.
There you can find information about the Sekanis in the past and today.
How do Sekani Indian children live, and what did they do in the past?
They do the same things any children do--play with each other, go to school and help around the house.
Many Sekani children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian kids had more
chores and less time to play, just like early colonial children. But they did have dolls,
toys and games to play.
Sekani mothers traditionally carried their babies in bags on their backs, using a decorated hide strap called a baby belt
to hold them in place.
What were Sekani homes like in the past?
The Sekanis lived in earth houses. Athabaskan earth houses were made by digging an underground chamber,
surrounding it with log walls and a thatched roof, and then packing the whole structure in layers of earth to insulate it. Since Sekani houses
were partially underground, they were larger than they appeared.
Usually these houses had multiple rooms and each one housed several familes from the same clan.
Here are some pictures of earthen houses like
the ones Sekani Indians used. Athabaskan people do not live in old-fashioned earth houses anymore, any more than other Americans live
in log cabins. Sekani people today live in modern houses and apartment buildings, just like you.
What was Sekani clothing like? Did they wear feather headdresses and face paint?
Sekani men and women wore very similar clothing: a caribou-skin tunic, knee-length pants, and high
moccasin boots. In cold weather they
added mittens, long coats, and fur hoods. All of these clothing articles were frequently decorated with colorful beadwork in floral patterns.
In winter, Sekani people sometimes wore a one-piece combination of boots and trousers to keep out the snow.
Here is a website with images of
and some photos and links about Native Indian clothing in general.
The Sekanis didn't wear long headdresses like the
Sioux. Normally they wore simple hoods or went bare-headed.
For ceremonies, however, Sekani people sometimes wore dance headdresses like
consisting of a beaded headband ringed with caribou fur.
The Sekanis painted their faces with different colors and designs for different occasions, and often wore
Native tattoo designs.
Both men and women usually wore their hair long, sometimes pulled into a ponytail with a beaded hair ornament.
Today, some Sekani people still wear traditional beadwork designs, but they wear modern clothes like
jeans instead of hide trousers... and they only wear fancy regalia for special occasions like a dance.
What was Sekani transportation like in the days before cars? Did they paddle canoes?
The Sekanis didn't travel much by river, but when they did, they used spruce-bark canoes.
Most of the time, Sekani people traveled overland, using snowshoes to travel in winter.
Today, of course, Tahltan people also use cars... and non-native people also use canoes and snowshoes.
What was Sekani food like in the days before supermarkets?
The Sekani Indians were hunting people. Sekani men hunted caribou, moose, and small game, and caught trout and other fish in the rivers.
Sekani women gathered roots, berries, and other plants. Here is a website with more information
about traditional Indian food.
What were Sekani weapons and tools like in the past?
Sekani hunters used bows and arrows, spears, and snares. Fishermen used nets and bone hooks.
In war, Sekani men fired their bows or fought with war clubs.
Here is a website with pictures and information about Indian war weapons.
What are Sekani arts and crafts like?
Like other Athabaskan peoples, Sekani artists are known for their beadwork
and quillwork. Here is an online photo gallery of
What other Native Americans did the Sekani tribe interact with?
The Sekanis traded regularly with neighboring Athabaskan tribes. Their closest allies were the
Carrier tribe, with whom they sometimes intermarried.
They sometimes fought with other tribes such as the Beaver
and the Cree, although at other times they were peaceful trading partners.
What kinds of stories do the Sekani Indians tell?
There are lots of traditional Sekani legends and fairy tales. Storytelling is very important to the
Sekani Indian culture. Here is one Sekani legend about
a man who married a mermaid.
Here's a website where you can read more about Sekani mythology.
What about Sekani religion?
Religions are too complicated and culturally sensitive to describe appropriately
in only a few simple sentences, and we strongly want to avoid misleading anybody. You can visit this site to learn more about
Athabascan spiritual beliefs
or this site about Native American religious beliefs in general.
Can you recommend a good book for me to read?
There are not many books for kids specifically about the Sekani tribe. You may enjoy
Come and Learn with Me,
an excellent book for kids about the life of a contemporary Slavey girl. The Slavey culture is very similar to the Sekani culture.
For older readers, we can recommend
Tse-loh-ne: The People at the End of the Rocks,
an interesting book about the Sekani culture and worldview.
Younger kids might like The Girl Who Swam With The Fish,
a picture book based on an Athabascan legend.
You can also browse through our reading list of recommended books about Native American Indians in general.
How do I cite your website in my bibliography?
You will need to ask your teacher for the format he or she wants you to use. The authors' names are Laura Redish and
Orrin Lewis and the title of our site is Native Languages of the Americas. We are a nonprofit educational organization
working to preserve and protect Native American languages and culture. You can learn more about our organization
here. Our website was first created in 1998 and last updated in
Thanks for your interest in the Sekani Indian people and their language!
Learn More About The Sekani Tribe
Sekani Indian Tribe
An overview of the Sekani people, their language and history.
Sekani Language Resources
Sekani Indian language samples, articles, and indexed links.
Sekani Culture and History Directory
Related links about the Sekani Native Americans past and present.
Sekani Indian Words
Sekani Indian vocabulary lists.
Return to the Native American Indians homepage
Return to our Indian languages list
Native American genealogy
Navajo turquoise jewelry
Would you like to help support our organization's work with endangered American Indian languages?