American Indian culture
American Indian crafts
Native American Facts For Kids was written for young people learning about the Wintu tribe for school or home-schooling reports. We encourage students
and teachers to visit our main Wintu
website for in-depth information
about the tribe, but here are our answers to the questions we are most often asked by children, with
Wintu pictures and links we believe are suitable for all ages.
How do you pronounce the word "Wintu"? What does it mean?
Wintu is pronounced "win-too." That means "people" in their own language. It is often spelled Wintun instead. Like most
Native American languages, the Wintu language was traditionally unwritten, so spellings of Wintu words in English sometimes vary a lot.
Where do the Wintus live?
The Wintus are original people of Northern California. Most Wintu people still live there today.
How is the Wintu Indian nation organized?
Each Wintu band has its own rancheria, which is a tribal village or parcel of land under the partial control of a tribe.
Not all Wintu people live on these rancherias, however-- some Wintus live together with neighbors from other tribes in intertribal communities
such as the Round Valley Reservation, and others live in nearby towns.
In the past, each Wintu village was independent and led by its own chief. There never was a centralized Wintu government,
only a loose coalition between villages. This is still true today. Each Wintu rancheria has its own government, although today,
they are led by elected tribal councils instead of a hereditary chief.
What language do the Wintus speak?
The Wintu speak English today. Some older people also speak their native Wintu language.
If you'd like to know an easy Wintu word,
"Ayukii" (pronounced ah-yoo-kee) is a friendly greeting.
Here is a Wintu picture glossary you can look at.
Today Wintu is an endangered language because most children aren't learning it anymore.
However, some Wintu people are working to keep their language alive.
What was Wintu culture like in the past? What is it like now?
Here's a link to the Winnemem Wintu Tribe's homepage.
On their site you can find information about the Wintu people in the past and today.
How do Wintu Indian children live? What games and toys do the Wintus have?
They do the same things any children do--play with each other, go to school and help around the house.
Many Wintu children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian kids had more
chores and less time to play, just like colonial children. But they did have toys and games.
One Wintu game was the hand game. Players held marked sticks behind their backs and gambled as they guessed the location of each stick.
Another Wintu game is shinny, which is an athletic sport similar to lacrosse and rugby. Men and women played different forms of shinny.
Wintu girls often played with
Like many California Indians, Wintu mothers traditionally carried their babies in
What were Wintu homes like in the past?
The Wintus lived in earth houses. Usually these houses were made from a cone-shaped frame of wooden poles placed over a
basement-like hole dug into the ground. Then the frame would be covered with sheets of redwood bark.
Because they were partially underground, Wintu houses appeared smaller than they really were.
Here are some pictures of different types of Native American homes.
Today, most Wintus live in modern houses
and apartment buildings, just like you.
What was Wintu clothing like? Did they wear feather headdresses and face paint?
Wintu men didn't usually wear clothes, though they sometimes did wear
short deerskin kilts. Wintu women wore long grass skirts decorated with shells and beads. Shirts were not necessary in
the Wintu culture, but both men and women wore ponchos or deerskin robes in cool or rainy weather. The Wintus usually
went barefoot, but sometimes wore leather sandals while traveling.
Here are some photos and links
about the clothing of Native Americans in general.
The Wintus didn't wear long headdresses like the
Sioux. For special occasions, like a dance,
Wintu men might wear a special headdress decorated with woodpecker scalps.
Wintu women wore woven
basket caps. The Wintus didn't normally paint their faces,
but women did wear
tribal tattoos on their chins. Both genders wore earrings and
long strands of beaded jewelry.
Today, some Wintu people still wear moccasins or beaded jewelry, but they wear modern clothes like jeans instead of kilts or grass skirts.
What was Wintu transportation like in the days before cars? Did they paddle canoes?
No, the Wintu people did not often travel by boat, and when they did, they normally used rafts. A few Wintu bands did make
reed boats from tule rushes.
Today, of course, Wintu people also use cars... and non-native people also use canoes.
What was Wintu food like in the days before supermarkets?
The Wintus were hunter-gatherers. Wintu men hunted deer, rabbits, and small game, and caught fish in the rivers and lakes.
Wintu women ground acorns into meal, as well as gathering berries, nuts, and other plants.
Here is a website with more information
about Native American foods.
What were Wintu weapons and tools like in the past?
Wintu hunters used bows and arrows. Wintu fishermen used nets and basket fish traps. The Wintu didn't go to war very often, and when they
did, they usually shot arrows at their opponents instead of fighting them hand-to-hand.
Here is a website of pictures and information about
weapons of the Native Americans.
What are Wintu arts and crafts like?
Wintu artists are known for their basketry. Here is a picture of a
What other Native Americans did the Wintu tribe interact with?
The different Wintu villages interacted primarily with each other. Since each village was independent, they did a lot of trading, cooperating,
and sometimes fighting with one another. But they also had good relationships with neighboring tribes such as the
Pomo and the Shasta.
Sometimes these tribes fought battles with each other over territory or resources, but they usually resolved these fights
quickly and returned to being trading partners.
What kinds of stories do the Wintus tell?
There are lots of traditional Wintu legends and fairy tales. Storytelling is very important to the
Wintu Indian culture. Here is a story about
Coyote saving the world from a fire.
Here's a website where you can read more about Wintun myths.
What about Wintu religion?
Religions are too complicated and culturally sensitive to describe appropriately
in only a few simple sentences, and we strongly want to avoid misleading anybody. You can visit this site to learn more about
Wintu religious traditions
or this site about Native spirituality in general.
Can you recommend a good book for me to read?
If you want to know more about Wintu culture and history,
one good source is Wintu Tribe.
Older readers may enjoy
In My Own Words, a book of oral
history told by a Wintu elder. Two good books for kids on California Indians in general
are California Native Peoples
and Native Ways;
a more in-depth book for older readers is Tribes of California.
You can also browse through our recommendations of Native American Indian books in general.
How do I cite your website in my bibliography?
You will need to ask your teacher for the format he or she wants you to use. The authors' names are Laura Redish and
Orrin Lewis and the title of our site is Native Languages of the Americas. We are a nonprofit educational organization
working to preserve and protect Native American languages and culture. You can learn more about our organization
here. Our website was first created in 1998 and last updated in
Thanks for your interest in the Wintu Indian people and their language!
Learn More About The Wintus
Wintun Indian Tribe
An overview of the Wintun tribe, their language and history.
Wintun Language Resources
Wintun Indian language samples, articles, and indexed links.
Wintun Culture and History Directory
Related links about the Wintun Native Americans past and present.
Wintun Indian vocabulary lists.
Return to the Facts About Native Americans homepage
Return to our Indian languages list
Native Indian jewelry
Native American tattoos
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