Native Americans * Indigenous languages * Native American culture

  * Find Native American ancestors in your family tree

Menominee Language [archive]

This article has been archived from the now-defunct Menominee Treaty Rights website (http://www.menominee.com/) for educational purposes. Contents are the property of the author. Please visit our Article Archive Index for further information. If you are the author of this article and would like to make changes to it, or if you are the author of another article you would like us to add to our archives, please contact us.

Menominee Language

Believe that our Menominee Language is a gift from the Creator.
If we do not use it, we are not fulfilling our responsibility.
If we do not give life to it, we are neglecting to perform our duties.
Our Creator has created for us the world through language.
If we do not speak it, there is NO WORLD.
Start using the language.
Do not criticize or make fun of mistakes.
Learning language is fun.
Let the learners be risk-takers--look at our children and learn from them.
We are the enemies of our language.
We are speaking another language.
We do not engage in our own language.
Let us get together and learn the language.

OMĀĒQNOMENĒWAK

ALPHABET (17 Characters)

a ae c e h i k l m n o p q* s t u w y

VOWEL CHART

MENOMINEE 
VOWEL

ENGLISH
 SOUND 

MENOMINEE 
EXAMPLE 

ā

saw

āneq nap?

āē

sat

wāēwāēnen

ē

say

ēh

ī

see

nīw

ō

so

pōsōh

ū

sue

sūmehkinon



NOTE: Vowels that have the macron are long sounds and they are pronounced according to the above chart, short vowels are without the macron and are simply pronounced shorter.

DIPHTHONGS

ua 

luau

suasek

ia

Leah

nianan

CONSONANTS

All consonants in Menominee are pronounced the same as in English with the exception that [c] is always pronounced as "ch" as in "church" and [s] is either pronounced as "ss" as in "sassy" or "sh" as in "shoot". The letter [q] represents a glottal stop.

CONVERSATIONS

Menominee
English
Pōsōh
Hello
āneq nāp? āq taeh nāp? Tāq nāp?
How are you?
Eneq new ānow 
I am fine.
Kenah taeh? 
And you?
Nanah ap new 
Me too. Same as you.
Nemāēhnow-īm 
I am well.
Nemāēhnow-esēkem
I am feeling good (physically)
āpēs-pāēc
Not so good. So so.
āēniwāēk taeh 
I'll get by
Wāēhcetaw new kwayāk 
Super! Just great! Top of the world!
Nemāēnīnehtan 's kew-nian!
I am happy to see you!
Ahkanom āwew ayāckwat kēs-nian 
It is a long time since I last saw you.
Tāq āēs wīhseyan?
What is your name?
(Your name) eneq āēs wīhseyan
(Your Name) my name is
Tāq āēkāēyan?
What are you called?
(Your Name) eneq āēkāēyan
(Your Name) I am called
Tāq āēs mamāceqtaw wīhseyan?
What is your Indian name?
(Your Name) mamāceqtaw wīhseyan
(Your Name) my Indian name is
Menīkēsekat, ānow? 
It is a nice day, isn't it.
ēh, kāēqc-menīkesekat yōhpeh!
Yes, it is a very nice day today!
Ketāqtomet? Do you have it?
ēh, netāqton Yes, I have it.
Kan, netāqtonan No, I don't have it.
Kekēs - pītōmet? Did you bring it?
ēh, nekēs - pītōn Yes, I brought it.
ēh, nekēs - pītōnan Yes, I brought them.
Kan, nekēs - pītōnan No, I didn't bring it.
Kekātaw - pītōmet? Are you going to bring it?
ēh, nekātaw - pītōn Yes, I'm going to bring it.
Kan, nekātaw - pītōnan No, I'm not going to bring it.
otācekwan (an) car(s), truck(s)
penāēhkwan (an) comb (s)
sūniyan money, silver
masēnahekan (an) book(s), paper(s)
asāqcekanāhtek (on) pencil(s), pen(s)
wēhkesōhsaeh/wēhkesōhsan doughnut/doughnuts
sēwāpoh soda
sūniyanaeskemot purse
naeqnemāw tobacco
mīcehswan food
īaq enakah āēsīyan?
Where are you going?
Nekātaw nekēwāēm
I am going home.
āq nakah wāēpīyan?
Where are you coming from?
Sāwanoh eneq wāēpīyan 
I am coming from Shawano.
Kesīqnaeh Keshena - Flies Fast
Nīwapet Neopit - Four Sitting
Okāqtōhsaeh South Branch - Little Oconto
Nanāweyoh Menīkān Middle Village
Saqnawehnaen Zoar - River Forks
Sāwanoh Shawano - South
īaq taniw kātaw īyan enes? How Long will you be there?
Nemēwah new newīm I will be there a short time.
Newāēwēpeskam I will hurry.
Māēhnow-pemātesenon yōhpeh!
Live well today!
Nekōtāēs mesek kew-nian
I'll see you again sometime.
Pōsōh 
Good-Bye.

MONTHS

Q. Tāq ayom kēsoq ayāwet?
What month is this?

A. ____________ ayom āwew.
this is.

1. Anāmaehkatwan-kēsoq
          Shaking hands Moon or January

2. Namāēpen-kēsoq
          Fish Moon or February

3. Wanāēw-kēsoq
          Crusted Snow Moon or March

4. Sūpomāhkwan-kēsoq
          Sugar Making Moon or April

5. Pāhkwan-kēsoq
          Budding Moon or May

6. Atāēhemen-kēsoq
          Strawberry Moon or June

7. āpaehtaw-nēpen-kēsoq
          Half-summer Moon or July

8. Mēn-kēsoq
          Blueberry Moon or August

9. Pawāhān-kēsoq
          Wild Rice Gathering Moon or September

10. Penīpīmakat-kēsoq
          Leaf-Shedding Moon or October

11. Pāhkatāhkamek-kēsoq
          Freezing Moon or November

12. Nīpātepaeh-kēsoq
          Night Moon or December

--written by Rose Wayka, Director of the Menominee Language and Culture Commission

Additional Reading

 American Indian Tribes
 The Menominee
 Menominee Facts
 Michigan Native Americans

Sponsored Links



Return to our main Amerind language site
Read our article submission guidelines
Language of the day: Zuni Indian language

Native Languages

Indian crafts * Native American Indian names * Choctaw * Turquoise Indian jewelry * Indian tattoos

Would you like to help support our organization's work with endangered American Indian languages?