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The Micmac language is part of the Algonquian linguistic group. Estimates are that 40% of the total population of the Micmac Nation in Quebec speak their language.
The population of the Micmac Nation in Quebec is estimated at 4,375 people, with more than 2,500 residents on the actual territory within their communities. There are another 15,000 members of this Nation that make there home in the Maritime provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.
The Gaspé peninsula, south of the Saint Lawrence River, is where one will find the territories of the Micmac Nation in Quebec. This area makes up the northwestern limits of the ancestral territories of the Micmac Nation, which also include what are now known as the Maritime provinces.
There are three Micmac Nation communities in Quebec: Listuguj, Gesgapegiag, and Gaspé.
Each community has its own band council for the administration of local affairs. Salmon fishing has been at the center of all economic activity for the Micmac Nation. In Gesgapegiag, this resource is administered by the community's salmon development company: The Cascapedia River Salmon Management Society.