Native Americans * American Indian languages * American Indian culture

  * Find Native American ancestors in your family tree

Mi'kmaq Calendars [archive]

This article has been archived from the now-defunct MÝkmaq Portal site ( for educational purposes. Contents are the sole property of the authors. Please visit our Article Archive Index for further information. If you are the author of this article and would like to make changes to it, or if you are the author of another article you would like us to add to our archives, please contact us.

MÝkmawey Calendar

The MÝkmawey Calendar begins on Spring Equinox, either March 20 or March 21 on the Gregorian Calendar. It follows the cycle of the 13 Moons, with each Moon having 28 days. There is a "intercalary day", an extra day that does not appear on the calendar, between Apunknajit 28 and Kjik˙s 1, known as the Year End Day, and is a day of rest and celebration. Every four years there is a Leap Day, which follows after Year End Day.

Mi'kmaq Name English Translation
Kjik˙s Great Moon
Siwkewik˙s Maple Sugar
Penamuik˙s Birds Lay Eggs
Etquljuik˙s Frogs Croaking
Nipnik˙s Leaves Full Blossom
Peskewik˙s Birds Shed Feathers
Kisikwekewik˙s Ripening Time
Wikumkewik˙s Moose Calling Time
Wikewik˙s Fat Tame Animals
Keptekewik˙s Rivers About To Freeze
Kiskewik˙s Chief Moon
Punamujuik˙s Spawn of Tom-Cod
Apunknajit Sun Is Very Strong

Gregorian Calendar

The Gregorian calendar is the one commonly used today. It was proposed by Aloysius Lilius, a physician from Naples, and adopted by Pope Gregory XIII in accordance with instructions from the Council of Trent (1545-1563) to correct for errors in the older Julian Calendar. It was decreed by Pope Gregory XIII in a papal bull in February 1582.

Mi'kmaq Name English Correspondence
Punamujuik˙s January
Apunknajit February
Siwkewik˙s March
Penamuik˙s April
Etquljuik˙s May
Nipnik˙s June
Peskewik˙s July
Kisikwekewik˙s August
Wikumkewik˙s September
Wikewik˙s October
Keptekewik˙s November
Kiskewik˙s December

Additional Reading

 North American Indian Tribes
 Mi'kmaq Education
 Maine Indian

Sponsored Links

Return to our main Amerind site
Read our article submission guidelines
Language of the day: Washoe language

Native Languages

Indian art * Mexico Indians * Iroquois Confederation * Chinu * Native American herbal medicine

Would you like to help support our organization's work with endangered American Indian languages?