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The Menominee are one of the oldest tribes that have inhabited the areas of Wisconsin and Michigan. Much of their territory extends from Escanaba, Michigan to the north and Oconto, Wisconsin in the south. Other tribes surrounding the Menominee include the Dakota to the northwest, Illinois to the south, and the Cheyenne west of Wisconsin.
Menominee is part of the Algonquian language family.
The Menominee refer to themselves as the Mamaceqtaw and the name menoomini is an Anishinabe term, which refers to their staple food of wild rice, therefore they were called "the wild rice people".
The Menominee, along with the the Ho Chunk are the indigenous tribes of Wisconsin.