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Miskito [archive]

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Miskito

Location

: The Miskito dwell on the Caribbean coastline of Honduras and Nicaragua, a region referred to as the Miskito Coast.

History

:The Miskito hunted for Peccary and Waree (types of wild hogs), and deer in the woods and fish, turtle and manatee in the ocean using lances and harpoons. In their gardens they grew plantains, yams, potatoes, Indian peppers and pineapple. The Miskito had an egalitarian society which looked up only to a shaman who performed healings and knew things of the spirit world.

Language

: Spanish, Mískito, English

Daily Life

: The Miskito Indians are currently the largest indigenous group in Honduras. After extensive contact with the British, most Miskitos are English-speaking Protestants. Most are either migratory workers, fishermen or agricultural laborers. Unlike many other indigenous groups in the area, the Miskito have remained rural, keeping them from the assimilation which urban life brings. Land rights and the development of social programs are the main issues which the Miskito face today.

References

The Voyages of William Dampier from A New Voyage Round the World. http://www.athenapub.com/damp2.htm#William Dampier 2

Ethnologue:Nicaragua http://www.sil.org/ethnologue/countries/nica.html

Ashby, Maggie. "The Mosquitia of Honduras." CIIR Overseas Volunteers. London. date unknown.

Psacharopoulos, George and Harry Anthony Patrinos. Indigenous People and Poverty in Latin America. Washington, D.C. The World Bank. 1994.

Miskito Indians of Nicaragua http://www.faqs.org/minorities/South-and-Central-America/Miskito-Indians-of-Nicaragua.html

The Miskito Coast Historical Society http://miskitocoast.org/indians.htm

Additional Reading

 Miskito
 Miskito Legends
 Miskito Indians
 Indian Tribes of Nicaragua

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