American Indian information
Native American Indians language
This article has been archived from the now-defunct MSU E-Museum (http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/)
for educational purposes. Please visit our Article Archive Index for
further information. If the author of this article would like to make changes to it, or if you are the author of another article you would
like us to add to our archives, please contact us.
The Muscogee (mus-ko-gee) are a confederacy of tribes. Creek is the European name given to the Muscogee because of their geographic location. At the start of the 1500's the Muscogee occupied nearly all of what is the southeast United States. That came to an end in the 1600's when the Cherokee, and later the Europeans, drove them west to Alabama and finely to what is now Oklahoma.
Muscogee towns are based around a Mother town. When a town reached 400 to 600 people, part of the town would move to a new area just outside the Mother town. They would then start there own village which would maintain the same layout. They were centered around a plaza used for dancing, religious ceremonies and games. This plaza also contained a rotunda for council meetings. The plaza had houses around it for the members of the village. The town government consisted of a Chief, Assistant Chief and a Chief Speaker. This arrangement is still used today. The traditional home of the Creek people is the hut which is roofed with grass or wood. Today the homes are much more modern.
Conflict between Muscogee and Europeans started with a battle in Lumpkin County near Slaughter Gap. It was the first of many defeats that forced the Muscogee farther west. A later battle forced the Muscogee south and west to the Chattahoochee and Coose Rivers. This is why the names Upper and Lower were added to the new separate Muscogee tribes. Gov. George Troup drove the Muscogee out after the Treaty of Indian Springs was signed. By 1827 the Creeks were gone from Georgia.
Muskogee Indian Words
Indian Tribes of Georgia
Return to our main Native American cultures site
Read our article submission guidelines
Language of the day: Alberta languages
Southwest Indian art
Indian heritage sites
Native Americans tattoos
Would you like to help support our organization's work with endangered American Indian languages?