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Abenaki Lexicon [archive]

French version

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Abenaki Lexicon

ANIMALS

English Abenaki
Bee Wawil8mwa
Eagle Mgezo
Donkey Sponioliases (from English "spanish horses")
Domestic Animal Nidazo
Wild Animal Awaas
Eel Nah8mo
Spider Mamselabika
Whale Podaba
Weasel Sagwasis
Bison Pziko
Big Snake Msaskog
Ox Aksen (from English "oxen")
Pike Kwenoza
Bittern Pokhamenes
Duck Kwigwigem
Sea Duck Sobagwilha
Black Duck Kwigwigem
Diving Duck Mdawilha
Wolverine/Carcajou Alaskana
Caribou Mag8libo
Carp W8bhagas
Beaver Tmakwa
Deer Nolka
Cat Minowis (from French "minou," "little pussycat")
Bat Madagenilhas
Caterpillar Wswagwa
Horse Ases (from English "horses")
Goat Kots (from English "goats")
Dog Almos
Pig Piks (from English "pigs")
Hummingbird Nanatasis
Rooster N8balha
Crow Mkazas
Snake Skok
Toad Maska
Locust Ch8ls
Swan Wigwalha
Turkey Nahama
Red Squirrel Mikwa
Black Squirrel Psanigw
Flying Squirrel Planigw
Elk W8boz
Whippoorwill (Goatsucker) Papoles
Snail Wakw8des
Sturgeon Kabasa
Falcon Segwanilha
Warbler Kjegigilhasis
Blackcap Warbler Kejegigilhasis
Drone Bee Kchi wawil8mwa
Ant Alikws
Bluejay Tidesso
Gull Kaakw
Frog Chegwal
Thrush Nbesichogleskw
Heron Kasko
Owl Kokokhas
Swallow Sogl8nilhasis
Common Swallow Chimeliilhasis
Sand Martin Pneg8kihlasis
Lobster S8ga
Oysters Alsak
Lizard Kakad8l8gw
Dragonfly Wdam8gan
Rabbit Matgwas
Mountain Lion Pit8lw
Locust Sigiliamo
Wolf M8lsem
Otter Wnegigw
Firefly pipsawas
Lynx Pezo
Mackerel Makelo
Mosquito Pegwes
Marmot Agaskw
Marten Apanakes
Kingfisher Cheskwadadas
Robin Kwikweskas
Sparrow Kaskaljas
Cod Nokamagw
Fly Wjawas
Skunk Seg8gw
Sheep Azib (from English "a sheep")
Domesticated Goose W8bigilhakw
Wild Goose W8btegwa
Bird Sips
Bird of Prey Si8mw
Moose Moz
Bullfrog Agbalam
Bear Awassos
Butterfly Mamij8la
Peacock P8l8baïsips
Perch M8lazigan
Partridge Pakesso
Pickerel Watagwa
Seal Akigw
Woodpecker 8basas
Pileated Woodpecker Mama
Pigeon Pelaz
Finch Chogleskw
Plover Sasasw
Fish Namas
Porcupine K8gw
Louse Km8
Hen Ahamo
Chicken Ahamois
Flea Pabikw
Bug Maskijam8gwses
Rat Kchi w8bikwsos
Muskrat Moskwas
Raccoon Asban
Fox W8kwses
Nightingale Wl8gwilhas
Leech Pabaskw
Salmon Mskwamagw
Grasshopper Ch8ls
Canary Wiz8wilhasis
Rattlesnake Sisikwa
Monkey M8gis (from English "monkeys")
Mouse W8bikwsos
Horsefly Massakwa
Chat (little bird) Al8msagwilhasis
Mole Alm8nska
Bull Aï8ba
Tortoise Tolba
Trout Skotam
Salmon Trout Namagw
Cow Kaoz (from English "cows")
Calf Kaozis
Worm Skoksis
Mink Mozbas

COLORS

English Abenaki
Yellow Wiz8wi
Red Mkwi
Black Mkazawi
White W8bi
Blue Wl8wi
Green Askaskwi
Violet Min8bowi
Orange Wassawas
Gray Wibgwi

FAMILY

English Abénaki
My daughter Ndoz
My son Nnam8n
My grandson Noses
My mother Nigawes
Mama Nn8non
My father Nmit8gwes
Papa Ndadan
My grandmother Nokmes
My grandfather Nmahom
My sister (a woman, from the point of view of her sister) Nijakaso
My brother (a man, from the point of view of his brother) Nijia
My sister (a woman, from the point of view of her brother) Nid8pso
My brother (a man, from the point of view of his sister) Nid8pso
My maternal aunt (litterally : my little mother) Nnononis
My paternal aunt Nokem
My maternal uncle Nsazis
My paternal uncle Ndadanis
My niece Ndozemis
My nephew Nnam8nemis

PARTIES DU CORPS

English Abenaki
Shoulder Mdelm8gan
Knee Mkedekw
Fingernail Mkaz
Vein Mk8jo
Brain Wilitb8n
Forehead Mskadegwa
Chest, Stomach Mdolka
Skin (or a person) Madagen
Blood Pagakan
Body Mhaga
Head Mdep
Hair Wdepkwan
Eye, Face Msizekw
Nose Mj8l
Mouth Mdon
Tongue Milalo
Cheek Manowa
Ear Mtawakw
Tooth Mibid
Chin Md8pikan
Throat Mkwed8gan
Heart Mlaw8gan
Back Mbeskwan
Hip, Buttock Mzabi
Belly Mlagzi
Bellybutton Wili
Arm Mpedin
Hand Melji
Leg Mk8d
Foot Mzid

TIME

English Abenaki
Yesterday Wl8gwa
Today Pamkizgak
Tomorrow Saba
This morning Chakwak
This midday, At midday Paskwak
This afternoon Kizi paskwak
Tonight Paml8gwik
At midnight N8widbakad

DAYS OF THE WEEK

English Abenaki
Sunday Sanda (from English "Sunday")
Monday Kizsanda ("after Sunday")
Tuesday Nisdaalokan ("twice working")
Wednesday Nasdaalokan ("three times working")
Thursday Iawdaalokan ("four times working")
Friday Skawategwikizgad ("day of the cross")
Saturday Kadawsanda ("almost Sunday")


--written by Philippe Charland

Additional Reading

 Native American Tribes
 The Abenaki
 Abenaki Words
 Gluskabe Myths
 Native Americans in New York

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